Motivational theories typically fall into two categories content theories explain individual needs, while process theories explain the thought processes behind an individual's behavior according to content theories, needs drive humans to act in certain ways and adopt specific work behaviors process theories explain a. There are many theories of motivation, and they mostly give a relation or influence the outcomes of employee job satisfaction there are three main theory categories, namely content theories, process theories and contemporary theories (saif, nawaz, jan & khan, 2012) generally speaking, these theories. Whereas the content theories concentrate on the question of 'what' motivates, the process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustains itself over time, such in this theory employee constantly assesses their level of effort against fellow workers and the reward they receive for their effort. As stated in other articles, the large misconception is that most people come to work just for the money however, if you delve deeper into the psyche of people and the many supporting motivation theories, you would find that this is far from the truth some quick examples of other factors that can motivate. This is a more process theories of motivation attempt to identify relationships between variables, which make up raising performance through motivation part two process theories process theories of motivation (com) youtubewhat are the critical differences between content and process meaning work.
Theories of motivation: content theories, process theories, and outcome theories 21 content theories content theories focus on factors internal to the individual in order to explain why people are motivated in different ways and by different work settings the most representative examples of this strand of theory are the. Content theories address what factors motivate people whereas the process theories address how the people are motivated however, in case of the equity theory the main underlying assumption is that employees compare their efforts and rewards with other people working under same conditions. According to motivation and leadership at work (steers, porter, and bigley, 1996 ), in the early twentieth century researchers began to examine other possible over time, these major theoretical streams of research in motivation were classified into two major schools: the content theories of motivation and the process.
Direction: quality of an employees work ie investment of sustained efforts in a direction that benefits the employer 3 major theories of motivation content theory: what motivates us process theory: why and how motivation occurs reinforcement theory: how outcomes influence behaviours content. These factors are related to job content he included the factors like achievement, recognition, challenging work, advancement and growth in this category presence of these factors will yield feelings of satisfaction herzberg theory is also called as motivation hygiene theory herzberg conducted a study by. The motivation cycle/process, motivation theories (content theories, process theories and reinforcement theories), the strengths and weaknesses of motivation theories and a motivational model are identified so as to gain an understanding of what motivates an employee 22 conceptualisation of motivation.
Some other motivational theories that were either influential in i/o psychology or that even were developed within this domain cannot be unambiguously classified as content or process theories, mainly because they contain propositions regarding content and process alike this is the case for theories of achievement. This essay will begin first of all by defining “motivation” as a business concept and then go on to present one process and content theory each before finally comparing them both in contrast of process theories of work motivation, content theories of work motivation assume that factors exist within the. Content theories deal with what motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals process theories deal with the process of motivation and is concerned with how motivation occurs.
The process of motivation it is important how individuals make their choices based on preferences, rewards and accomplishments 231 content theories content theories are related to employee's needs and the most known and used theories are maslow's hierarchy of needs and alderfer's existence-relatedness- growth.
Process theories of motivation are not enough you need a clear distinction between process and content for effective management and leadership “ process” is how employees work together, as opposed to the what – the “content, ” the task, the issue – they are working on an example of “process” is the way in which. Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories content theories deal with “what” motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals maslow, alderfer, herzberg and mcclelland studied motivation from a “content” perspective process theories. Amination of the present motivational level of the kivach personnel, working conditions and motiva- tional techniques as two main branches applicable to the theories of motivation, which are process and content theories it seems logical to begin explanation and further research with con- tent theories.
Examination all the effective factors on the motivation of laborer or employee must be taken into account accordingly, managers will be able to employ one of the content, process or reinforcement theories (seyed javadin, 2007) results motivation strategies and their application in the organization after discussing the. Process) motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories herzberg theory conforms with satisfaction theories which assert that “a satisfied employee tends to work in the same organization but this satisfaction does not always result in better performance” in other. Abstract the purpose of this study is to explore the strongest areas of all prime theories of job satisfaction and motivation to create a new multidimensional model this model relies on all explored areas from the logical comparison of content and process theories to understand the phenomenon of job. What actually is motivation kinds of motivation an overview of motivation theories need theories maslow's pyramid hierarchy of needs alderfer's erg theory mcclelland's achievement motivation theory adams' equity theory herzberg's job design model vroom's expectancy theory hackman&oldham's job.